Adjuncts and Accessory Appliances
These next appliances help with movements the brackets alone can’t accomplish. These tend to be more case specific and are used in conjunction, or at the same time, as the braces. They may be found in the roof of the mouth as in the case of an expander, habit appliance, or bite plate, OR, they may be external to the mouth as in the case of the headgear or the facemask. They may be utilized for certain types of tooth movement or for growth modification where applicable in a growing child.
Turbos are appliances that are bracket ramps placed on the inside of the top incisors. They are used for correcting overbites.
Bite plates perform the same function as turbos and can either be removable or non-removable. They are used when the patient has a large overjet and the turbos are ineffective.