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Braces Overview Basics

Braces Overview Adjuncts

Braces for Adults

Braces for Kids/ Children/ Adolescents/ Teens


Alternatives to Braces

The Basics

These items are used in almost all cases so we’ve grouped them under “the basics”.

Generally speaking, this section covers the more common items used in the daily treatment of most cases. This will include the brackets (braces), bands, rubber bands (elastics), separators (spacers), and IPR or interproximal reduction. IPR is not as common, however, it is included in this section because it is a base component in invisalign cases and is often used judiciously in crowding cases and recession cases as well.


IPR stands for interproximal reduction. Basically, we can shave a MINIMAL amount of enamel off between teeth to slenderize them and create room in crowding cases. This is a fantastic alternative to extracting an entire permanent tooth to create space. This is also a basic treatment tool in Invisalign cases and important to allow the aligners to work.

IPR depends on the shape of the tooth. Triangular shaped teeth have more enamel and are better candidates. Patients with very rectangular teeth would not be good candidates.

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